:::
Journal paper
篇名(中)環境行為調查中追問對作答的影響
篇名(英)The Effect of Cross-questioning on Self-reports in a Survey of Environmental Behavior
論文屬性研究論文
作者姓名(中)林新沛;鄭時宜
作者姓名(英)San-Pui Lin; Shih-I Cheng
頁碼105-120
Abstract自前圍內外有關環境行為的調查多以封閉式的自陳問卷(selfreport questionnaire) 來進行測量,而且在得到答卷者的回答後多半 沒有進一步檢查行為的真偽,因此是否有研究數據不實的問題一直為 研究者所關切。本研究的目的即是探討有追問環境行為細節的題目與 無追問的題目對環境行為問卷作答的影響。研究以200 名大學生分兩 組進行施測,研究結果發現,有追問問卷比無追問問卷更能獲得謹填 的回答,減少環保行為的高報Cover -report) 。此外,雖無充分證據顯 示有追問問卷的信度較高,不過,在有追問的問卷裡,研究者可以較 易察覺到環保行為被高報的情形,所以有追問問卷還是比無追問的問 卷來得好。因此,後續測量環境行為的研究宜針對行為的細節加入部 分追問的問題,以提高測量的準確性。
摘要(英)Often, studies have measured people's environmental behav咀 ior with self-reports. Despite concern has been raised for the accuracy or validity of such reports, few studies have examined or tried to control the quality of their participants' self-reports This study tested the effect of cross-questioning on people's selfreport of their environmental behavior. Two hundred college students participated in a survey. Half of them were merely asked about the frequency of their behavior, and the other half were further questioned about the behavior details. Results suggested that though both groups might have over-reported or over-estimated their proenvironmental behavior, the crossquestioned group were less likely to do so. Moreover, though factor analysis failed to show that the cross-questioning questionnaire was more reliable than the no-cross-question questionnaire, the former did provide useful information to check the quality of self -reports.
Keyword環境行為;自陳問卷;追問
關鍵字(英)environmental behavior; self-report questionnaire;cross-question
Attached File 全文下載 Adobe PDF

Calendar

« August 2020»
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
     0102
03040506070809
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31
cron web_use_log