Journal paper
篇名(中)人力運用擬 -- 追蹤調查資料庫的產生過程、應用現況、及未來發展
篇名(英)Manpower Utilization Quasi-longitudinal Survey: Construction of Database,Applications,and Future Developments
作者姓名(英)Ji-Ping Lin; Ying-Hwa Chang
Abstract爲了克服硏究資料之限制,本文作者以1979-2001年的「人力運用調査」原始資料爲基礎,產生所謂的1979-2001年「人力運用擬-追蹤調査」(MUQLS)資料庫及1979-2001年「無重疊樣本的人力運用調査合倂資料」(NOMUPD) 。MUQLS資料庫及NOMUPD資料庫目前皆以SAS v.8.1的格式儲存,其中MUQLS資料庫具追蹤調査特質,計包括53萬餘筆樣本,而NOMUPD資料庫是另類的人力運用調査,特點是已將重複樣本自前後期的「人力運用調査」移除,但本質上還是橫剖面的資料,計包括了 79萬餘筆樣本。我們建立這些資料庫的主要學術貢獻是:相較於一般追蹤調査,MUQLS資料庫占有極大的成本優勢,並能幫助我們克服許多以前難以進行的硏究,而NOMUPD資料庫則具有減少樣本選擇偏誤的特質。本文除了談MUQLS資料庫及NOMUPD資料庫的產生緣起、對學術硏究重要性及潜在貢獻、資料庫的產生過程和資料庫特質之外,亦以一個簡單竇例,說明MUQLS資料庫及NOMUPD資料庫對克服硏究資料限制的潜在幫助。最後,我們提出對未來進一步發展的看法及建議,主要包括(1)建立定期擴充MUQLS資料庫及NOMUPD資料庫的標準化機制、(2)以開發MUQLS資料庫的技術爲基礎,建立「廣義人力資源擬-追蹤調査」(GQLHRS)資料庫、(3)建立友善的網路界面藉以加快資料傳播速度及減少資料運用阻礙、及(4)開放原始程式碼及建立使用者論壇和回饋機制。
摘要(英)In order to overcome data constraint of research, the authors construct two huge databases, Manpower Utilization Quasi-longitudinal Survey (MUQLS) as well as Non-overlapped Man¬power Utilization Pooled Data (NOMUPD), based on the 1979¬2001 Manpower Utilization Surveys (MUS) of Taiwan. The construction of MUQLS and NOMUPD is mainly implemented through SAS v8.1. MUQLS is essentially longitudinal, including more than 530 thousand individuals, while NOMUPD remains cross-sectional in nature, including around 790 thousand individ¬uals. Out major contributions in constructing these databases are that MUQLS is not only fairly cost-efficient relative to ordinary longitudinal surveys, but also helps us overcome many research constraints; moreover, NOMUPD helps us reduce the conventional danger of selection bias when using the pooled MUS data. In addition to sharing our experiences in constructing MUQLS and NOMUPD, this article also uses a simple example to demon¬strate the potential importance of MUQLS and NOMUPD in aca¬demic researches. In the end, some suggestions are proposed for future developments, including (1) establishment of standardized procedures in extending the MUQLS and NOMUPD, (2) construction of Generalized Quasi-longitudinal Human Resources Survey (GQLHRS) based on the existing techniques in constructing MUQLS, (3) setup of user-friendly interface on the internet to help the sharing of data, and (4) opening-up source codes to public access and establishment of user forum and feedback mechanism.
關鍵字(英)longitudinal survey; cross-sectional survey; quasi-longitudinal survey; Manpower Utilization Survey
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