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Journal paper
篇名(中)臺灣民眾的社區依附與生活品質潛藏類別分析之應用
篇名(英)Community Attachment and Quality of Life in Taiwan: An Application of Latent Class Analysis
論文屬性研究論文
作者姓名(中)廖培珊
作者姓名(英)Pei-Shan Liao
頁碼113-146
Abstract生活品質之概念被廣泛地用以指涉個人的生活福祉,然而學者指出此概念之發展應考慮到個人與社會/社區之間的相互依賴性。由社區互動論的角度來看,社區是個人與社會進行實質接觸的場所與機制,因此在硏究生活品質時,應該將社區的重要角色考量在內;與社區在情感面和參與面的緊密連結,可能成爲個人在評量生活品質時的重要因素。本研究企圖以臺灣地區爲例,來檢視社區依附對於個人生活品質的影響,同時應用潜藏類別分析(Latent Class Analysis)來瞭解民衆參與不同社區活動的類型。 本硏究之資料來源爲1997年「臺灣地區社會變遷基本調査」第三期第三次問卷II之調査資料,臺灣地區之總樣本數爲2,835。在分析方法方面,潜藏類別分析的結果顯示32種的社區參與型態可以被歸類爲四種社區參與類型:積極參與者、地方活動參與者、文化活動參與者、以及消極參與者。Ordinal Regression被用以檢視社區依附對於個人生活品質的影響效果,硏究發現社區依附的情感面對於生活品質有正向的影響效果,而社區依附的參與面則爲負向影響。在驗證了臺灣民衆之社區依附與個人生活品質閭有著緊密連結的同時,本硏究也證實了潜藏類別分析作爲檢測社區活動參與類型工具之適用性,對於社區硏究在方法上的貢獻亦不容忽視。
摘要(英)The concept of quality of life has been suggested to develop in regard to the mutual logical dependence between individual and society/community. Community, from the perspective of interactional theory, provides a setting and the mechanism of empirical contact between the individual and society. It is, there¬fore, essential to consider the role of community in terms of the sentiment and participation dimensions when studying individual life quality. This paper attempts to examine the contribution of community attachment to individual quality of life while control¬ling for sociodemographic characteristics. The data were drawn from the Taiwan Social Change Sur¬vey (Questionnaire No. 2). A sample of 2,835 completed question¬naires was used for the analysis. Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was employed to reveal a latent structure of 32 participation pat¬terns of community activities. A latent variable with four latent classes, namely fully involved participants, local activity partici¬pants, cultural activity participants, and unconcerned partici¬pants, was obtained as an indicator of the participation dimen¬sion of community attachment. Ordinal regression was employed to examine the effects of community attachment on individual quality of life. Both sentiment and participation dimensions of community attachment were found to contribute to a better qual¬ity of life. In addition, LCA was found to be a useful alternative to classification of community participation patterns. The results of this paper confirm the close association between community attachment and individual quality of life as well as provide a methodological contribution to sociology and community studies.
Keyword社區互動理論;社區依附;生活品質;潛藏類別分析;社區參與類型
關鍵字(英)interactional theory; community attachment; quality of life; latent class analysis; community participation
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